Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary - bfl



Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

Bumdeling forms the easternmost range for the wintering ground of the endangered...

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Park Information

Faunal and Floral Diversity

Inhabitants & Livelihood

Camping & Trekking Sites

Risk & Threats

BFL's Future Achievements

Park Photo Gallery

Park Information

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Bumdeling forms the easternmost range for the wintering ground of the endangered Black-necked crane, and is the only place in Bhutan where Bhutan’s Swallowtail was rediscovered after a long gap since its first discovery in 1932

  • Location: Covers three eastern districts of the country
  • Total area: 1520.61 km2
  • The Bumdeling floodplain was declared a Ramsar site, a wetland of international importance in 2012, one of only two in Bhutan
  • In March 2012, BWS was proposed as a UNESCO World Heritage site for its cultural and natural heritage importance

Faunal and Floral Diversity

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42

species of mammals

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343

species of birds

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202

species of butterflies

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18

species of snakes

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4

species of lizards

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734

species of plants

Inhabitants & Livelihood

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8047

people reside inside the park

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Residents are primarily farmers who mainly on agriculture for livelihood

Camping & Trekking Sites

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Popular trekking routes

The cultural track Aja Valley

Singye Dzong

RigsumGonpa

Phuningla

There are also a few other nature trails such as the Dongla trek and Pangla trek

Risk & Threats

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Habitat loss

Habitats within the sanctuary continue to change from natural disasters and direct human interventions such as construction, collection of forest products, and littering

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Flash floods

The efforts to tame the Kholong river, one of the main river systems in the park, have been only temporarily effective and there is always the danger of flash floods

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Developmental activities


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Climate change

The 2012 BWS socio-economic survey indicated that 94% of the households in Bumdeling believed that climate change was threatening the area, indicating warmer climate, less snow, and erratic rainfall

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Species protection

The most vulnerable species within BWS are the Tiger, Snow leopard, Musk deer, and the Black-necked crane.

Threats include poaching, habitat change and disturbances, and retaliatory killing

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Reduction in feeding areas

The abandonment of marginal paddy fields by farmers due to poor fertility, crop damage by wildlife and erosion of paddy fields by the Kholong river threatens to reduce the feeding area for the Black-necked crane

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What will BFL achieve for BWS?

BWS's Future with BFL

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Increased tiger and snow leopard populations

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Degraded lands within BWS mapped and restored with climate-smart mechanisms

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SMART patrolling implemented in BWS

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Park staff trained for effective anti-poaching operations

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Forest quality and extent is maintained

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New nature-based local enterprises implemented

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Watersheds fully protected and effectively managed

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Park communities implement climate-smart organic agriculture

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BWS equipped with adequate and competent staff as well as essential equipment and infrastructure

Park Photo Gallery

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