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Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

Bumdeling forms the easternmost range for the wintering ground of the endangered Black-necked crane, and is the only place in Bhutan where Bhutan’s Swallowtail was rediscovered after a long gap since its first discovery in 1932.

  • Location: Covers three eastern districts of the country
  • Total area: 1520.61 km2
  • The Bumdeling floodplain was declared a Ramsar site, a wetland of international importance in 2012, one of only two in Bhutan
  • In March 2012, BWS was proposed as a UNESCO World Heritage site for its cultural and natural heritage importance
Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS) Map - Bhutan For Life

Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

Faunal and Floral Diversity

0 species of mammals
0 species of birds
0 species of butterflies
0 species of snakes
0 species of lizards
0 species of plants

Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

Inhabitants & Livelihood

0 people reside inside the park
Residents are primarily farmers who mainly on agriculture for livelihood

Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

Camping & Trekking

Popular Trekking Routes

  • The cultural track Aja Valley
  • Singye Dzong
  • RigsumGonpa
  • Phuningla
  • There are also a few other nature trails such as the Dongla trek and Pangla trek.

Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

Risk & Threats

Habitat loss

  • Habitats within the sanctuary continue to change from natural disasters and direct human interventions such as construction, collection of forest products, and littering

Flash floods

  • The efforts to tame the Kholong river, one of the main river systems in the park, have been only temporarily effective and there is always the danger of flash floods

Developmental activities

Climate change

  • The 2012 BWS socio-economic survey indicated that 94% of the households in Bumdeling believed that climate change was threatening the area, indicating warmer climate, less snow, and erratic rainfall

Species protection

  • The most vulnerable species within BWS are the Tiger, Snow leopard, Musk deer, and the Black-necked crane. Threats include poaching, habitat change and disturbances, and retaliatory killing

Reduction in feeding areas

  • The abandonment of marginal paddy fields by farmers due to poor fertility, crop damage by wildlife and erosion of paddy fields by the Kholong river threatens to reduce the feeding area for the Black-necked crane

BWS's Future with BFL

Increased tiger and snow leopard populations
Degraded lands within BWS mapped and restored with climate-smart mechanisms
SMART patrolling implemented in BWS
Park staff trained for effective anti-poaching operations
Forest quality and extent is maintained
New nature-based local enterprises implemented
Watersheds fully protected and effectively managed
Park communities implement climate-smart organic agriculture
BWS equipped with adequate and competent staff and essential equipment and infrastructure