Wangchuck Centennial National Park (WCNP)

It represents one of the best examples of the middle Himalayan ecosystem and contains several ecological biomes ranging from blue pine forests to dry alpine screes and permanent snow and ice.

  • Largest park in Bhutan
  • Total area: 4914 km2
  • Location: Northern frontiers of the country and falls within the boundaries of five districts of the country
  • In the future, the park has plans to conduct studies on the total area of glaciers in the park as well as some impacts from global warming on these glaciers.
Wangchuck Centennial National Park (WCNP) Map - Bhutan For Life

Wangchuck Centennial National Park (WCNP)

Faunal and Floral Diversity

0 species of mammals recorded
0 species of birds
0 species of butterflies
0 species of plants

Wangchuck Centennial National Park (WCNP)

Inhabitants & Livelihood

0 people reside inside the park
0 % The yak-herding communities represent about 12% of the households, while the rest are farming (non- yak herding) communities
Subsistence farming and rearing of livestock are the main livelihoods for the communities living inside the park
0 % More than 70% of the fungus collected is from the areas which fall within the park
The income generated from the sale of Cordyceps help the communities purchase necessities, build homes, educate children, buy livestock, and acquire solar and cooking gas.

Wangchuck Centennial National Park (WCNP)

Camping & Trekking

Popular tourist attractions include

  • Hot springs
  • Alpine organic farmhouses
  • The BebzurChukpo Heritage Museum
  • The Dorjibi Weaving Center
  • The Febilla Eco Trail
  • The Ravel beak Trail

Wangchuck Centennial National Park (WCNP)

Risk & Threats


  • Musk deer poaching specifically has been increasing over the years

Overgrazing of forests and alpine habitats

Illegal and unsustainable harvesting of Cordyceps and medical plants

  • Since the legalization of Cordyceps and medicinal plants by the Government, the number of gatherers has increased over the years and has led to unsustainable harvesting and the destruction to habitats

Habitat fragmentation and degradation

  • Developmental activities have also contributed to the habitat fragmentation and degradation

Solid waste accumulation

  • With an increasing number of visitors both tourists and local visitors, the accumulation of waste and litters, especially in the alpine region, has been increasing over the years

Forest fire and illegal collection of firewood

Glacial lake outburst floods

Human wildlife conflicts

WCNP's Future with BFL

High-biodiversity habitats, degraded forests, and climate refugia designated
Increased tiger and snow leopard population
Degraded lands within WCNP mapped and restored with climate-smart mechanisms
WCNP equipped with adequate and competent staff as well as essential equipment and infrastructure
Park communities implement effective waste management programs
Eco-lodges and eco-treks designed and developed
Park communities equipped with community-based crop and livestock HWC insurance schemes
Human-wildlife Conflict hotspots mapped and installed with appropriate physical barriers
Forest quality and extent is maintained
New nature-based local enterprises implemented
Conservation status of other high-profile, lesser known, endangered and endemic flora and fauna species determined