Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS)

The sanctuary straddles the Indo-Malayan bio-geographic realm and protects the southernmost variant of the country’s subtropical forest ecosystem

  • Total area: 269 km2
  • Location: Located in the foothills of south central Bhutan
Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS) Map - Bhutan For Life

Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS)

Faunal and Floral Diversity

0 species of mammals recorded
0 species of flowering plants

Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS)

Inhabitants & Livelihood

0 households living inside its borders

Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS)

Camping & Trekking

Camping Sites

  • As the security situation improves over the years, seasonal camping sites would be identified and developed along the international border and northern parts of the sanctuary

Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS)

Risk & Threats


  • A porous international border makes PWS highly vulnerable to poaching due to increase in human population and consequent depletion of wildlife population in the neighboring Indian tribal areas

Human-wildlife conflict

  • Interactions with local communities during the PWS socio-economic survey (2009) suggests that crop depredation by wildlife have been on the rise over the past 10-20 years. The proximity of agricultural lands to wildlife habitats in the bordering Indian territory and presence of salt licks in and around village precincts have led to increased wildlife incursions on crops


  • The sanctuary is cut-off for at least 5 months of the year by rivers and streams which swell during monsoon. The sanctuary management is therefore, compelled to post staff on a turnover basis which is not in the best interest of implementing long-term conservation programs

Cross-border cattle migration

  • PWS has several water holes, natural salt licks and open grasslands. While these resources are an asset for the sanctuary, they also attract large number of cattle from across the border which has created serious problems for the sanctuary

PWS's Future with BFL

SMART patrolling implemented in PWS
Park staff trained for effective anti-poaching operations
An eco-tourism enterprise implemented in PWS
Park communities equipped with community-based crop and livestock Human-wildlife Conflict insurance schemes
Human-wildlife hotspots are mapped and installed with appropriate physical barriers
Forest quality and extent is maintained
New nature-based local enterprises implemented
PWS equipped with adequate and competent staff and essential equipment and infrastructure