Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP)

There are 376 glaciers in JDNP which constitutes 42.44% of the glaciers of the country.

  • Second largest national park
  • Total area: 4,316 km2
  • Location: Covers 5 districts in the north west of the country
  • Park is a water source for various mega hydropower projects
  • Only park in the country trekked by tourists through its paradisiacal alpine meadows and snow-capped mountains
  • Provides crucial connectivity to the Kanchenjunga Conservation Complex in northeast India and eastern Nepal
Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP) Map - Bhutan For Life

Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP)

Faunal and Floral Diversity

0 species of mammals recorded
0 species of birds
0 species of butterflies
0 species of medicinal plants

Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP)

Inhabitants & Livelihood

0 people reside inside the park
People residing in the park above 4000 meters practice a semi-nomadic pastoralist livelihood, primarily subsisting on raising yaks
People residing below 4000 meters in the park subsist on mixed farming with agriculture as the mainstay of livelihood

Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP)

Camping & Trekking

JDNP is termed as the 'Trekkers Paradise'

  • Famous trekking routes include the Jumolhari Trek, Snowman Trek, Gasa-Laya Trek, and Lunana Trek

Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP)

Risk & Threats

Impending threats from climate change

  • Increased runoffs, flash floods, and landslides

Retreating glaciers and glacial lake outbursts

  • Glaciers in the park are rapidly melting. This would have an adverse effect on the alpine ecosystem.

Developmental activities

  • Increased developmental activities such as road construction within the park have resulted in the destruction and degradation of wildlife habitats.

Reckless disposal of garbage

  • Littering from timber loggers and Cordycep collectors who access the park


  • Every year, the park’s staffare engaged in dismantling hundreds of trap set for musk deer, wild fowls, and other animals.

Retaliatory killing of wild animals

  • Reports of livestock depredation by wild predators and crop damage in the park have steadily increased since 2010.

JDNP's Future with BFL

Increased tiger and snow leopard population
JDNP equipped with adequate and competent staff as well as essential equipment and infrastructure
Watersheds fully protected and effectively managed
Park staff trained for effective anti-poaching operations
SMART patrolling implemented in JDNP
Degraded lands within JDNP mapped and restored with climate-smart mechanisms
Park communities implement effective waste management programs
Park communities equipped with community-based crop and livestock Human-wildlife Conflict insurance schemes
Forest quality and extent is maintained
New nature-based local enterprises implemented