Biological Corridors (BCs)

The Biological corridors provide linkages and connectivity between the various protected areas. It provides connectivity ranging from the sub-tropical ecosystem of the Royal Manas National Park to the alpine regions of Jigme Dorji National Park, and lateral connectivity from the Jigme Khesar Strict Nature Reserve to the Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary and the Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary.

  • Biological corridors are areas set aside to connect one or more protected areas and facilitate movement of wildlife
  • In 1999, Bhutan as the world’s leader in attempting to create an ecological stable and durable network of protected areas declared 8.61% of the country as biological corridors in Bhutan as a gift to the earth and people of Bhutan. Bhutan’s protected area network includes 8 biological corridors
Biological Corridors (BCs) Map - Bhutan For Life

Biological Corridors (BCs)

Functions of the Biological Corridor

Main objective is to provide connectivity to the different habitats by:

  • Providing a conserved and secured migratory habitat to facilitate movement (dispersal or migration) of species between core areas
  • Sustaining ecological and environmental flows
  • Preventing interbreeding of species which would otherwise lead to mutation
  • Providing a supplementary feeding habitat for animals

Biological Corridors (BCs)


The corridors at present are managed centrally by the Department of Forests and Park Services. The Territorial Divisions of the Department carries out the corridor implementation works.

Biological Corridors (BCs)

Threats and Challenges

Pertinent Challenges

  • Habitat fragmentation, degradation and connectivity fissure from developmental activities
  • Poaching and retaliatory killing
  • Increasing demand for timber and other natural resources
  • Balancing conservation and local livelihood
  • Natural and man-made disasters

BCs's Future with BFL

All BCs are physically demarcated and operationalized with individual climate-smart management plans
All communities in the BCs implement climate-resilient resource management practices
SMART patrolling implemented in all the BCs
BCs equipped with adequate and competent staff and essential equipment and infrastructure